Dictionar / glosar de termeni cafea
coffee is one in which the aroma is reminiscent of a spice
though no actual spice may be in the coffee.
A balanced coffee is one in which no one attribute
overpowers another yet it still displays ample complexity
to be engaging.
An "exotic" coffee is one which has a sweet,
spicy taste and an unexpected or unusual aroma and flavor.
If a coffee is described as "hard", it is
considered a low-grade coffee. However, a "hard bean"
is a high-grade Central or South American coffee which matured
slowly (densely) in the high mountain elevations.
If you hear that a coffee's taste is "wild",
what does that mean? Generally, it will mean that the
coffee has a fruity acidity and smooth body similar to a red
Professional coffee tasters use a specially shaped spoon with
a deep round bowl called a goute-café similar to the
taste-vin of the sommelier (or wine taster).
Cappuccino is a unique milked coffee drink in that
it uses both steamed and foamed milk. The drink is a layered
drink with equal parts steamed milk, coffee, and foamed milk.
Using the word strong to describe the amount of caffeine in
a coffee is an incorrect usage of the term. Instead strong
refers to a more darkly roasted coffee.
Café con leche is a Spanish version of cafe au lait
-- drip coffee mixed with sugar and heated (not scalded) milk.
A Cuban café con leche is a variation of this Spanish
drink in which nearly a quarter cup of sugar is placed underneath
the grounds of a strong, finely ground espresso coffee, then
drip brewed before adding heated milk to produce a strong,
Tangy is used to describe a coffee's taste when it has a pleasingly
sharp acidic fruitiness like found in fine Costa Rican coffees.
Winey is a term for a coffee taste of fruity acidity and smooth
body -- a taste remotely similar to what one might experience
with a fine red wine.
A coffee's acidity is often misunderstood. Acidity
is the true measure of a coffee's ultimate taste. Coffee beans
are composed literally of hundreds of chemical compounds.
Acidity as a description of coffee, however, relates to the
snapiness and life in the taste of the coffee. The full city
roast of the Wild Goats' Arabian Mocha Sanani is an excellent
example of a fine coffee with a tantalizing acidity that dances
on one's palate.
Do you know the difference between the aroma and the bouquet
of coffee? The aroma is the smell of brewed coffee while the
bouquet is the smell of the coffee grounds only.
Espresso actually refers to four separate things: (1)
a brewing method, (2) a blend of beans, (3) a beverage, and
(4) the color of a dark roast.
A hard bean is a high-grade mountain grown coffee from Central
or South America. Hard beans are produced in a cool climate
and thus mature more slowly.
Demitasse in French means "half cup." It is a half-sized,
or three-ounce, cup in which espresso is generally served.
Cupping is a process of professional tasters. It is
a taste-savor-and-spit process used with coffee at room temperature
or colder to determine the taste and quality of the bean.
Café macho is the slang expression in Central
and South America for the very highest grade of coffee.
The Brazilian coffee plantation is called a fazenda, and there
are nearly a quarter million of them. Brazil produces a third
of all the coffee in the world (over 3 billion pounds a year)
although the crop is primarily Robusta beans and rarely of
the quality to be used in specialty coffees.
"Espresso" is Italian, but originally the meaning
came from a French word meaning "expressly for you."
(Thus, many coffeehouses in Italy are bars with places to
stand, not sit, for a quick espresso.) More current meanings
of the word are "made on the spur of the moment"
and "made fresh."
Expert coffee masters refer to the taste of Robusta beans
A "moka" is an easy-to-use, inexpensive, stovetop,
steam-pressured coffee brewer that brews at 2 to 3 times the
pressure of a drip machine but about ¼ the pressure
of an espresso machine.
"Bar" is a measurement of pressure equal to the
force of gravity. The ideal pressure for making espresso is
A French Press is a pot with a narrow glass cylinder into
which coffee and near-boiling water are placed. Then a meshed
screen plunger is inserted. The coffee grounds are allowed
to steep for about 3 minutes and then pressed out. Coffee
is served from the cylinder.
A "demitasse" is the name of the small porcelain
or stoneware cup in which your straight espresso is served.
The terms "excelso" or "supremo" when
applied to a coffee are not an indicator of quality, but rather
they speak to the size of the bean.
Contrary to popular belief, the essential difference between
espresso and coffee is the concentrated flavor and aroma found
in espresso, not the caffeine content.
What is a "varietal" coffee? It is an unblended
coffee from a specific region or country. Blended coffees
are made by mixing one or more varietal coffees.
What is a "brevé?" It is any milk-based
espresso drink in which half-and-half is substituted for the
Professional coffee tasters are called "cuppers."
These folks will generally taste upwards of thirty samples
What is the difference between coffee and espresso? Espresso
is coffee brewed rapidly, or "fast coffee." It is
made from Arabica beans usually roasted slightly darker and
ground more finely than coffee. It is made one cup at a time
and extracted within seconds instead of minutes like coffee.
A traditional Irish Coffee is made from a very dark
roasted coffee, Irish whiskey, and brown sugar topped with
whipped cream mixed with vanilla and sugar.
An "espresso cafe" serves espresso drinks
and at least two meals a day. An "espresso bar"
serves drinks and pastries, but no meals.
A Danish Coffee is made from a strong coffee and caraway
liqueur. An interesting way to get the amounts of each ingredient
correct is to put a clean dime in the bottom of a demitasse
cup (a small porcelain cup used for espresso) and pour in
the coffee until you can no longer see the dime. Once the
dime is no longer visible, pour in the caraway liqueur until
the dime reappears. Remove the dime and enjoy!
A "doppio" is a double shot of espresso with
a single shot of water.
The names for coffee in 12 European
countries: Denmark (kaffé), Finland (kahvi), France
(café), Germany (kaffee), Hungary (kavé), Italy
(caffé), Netherlands (koffie), Norway (kaffé),
Poland (kawa), Portugal (café), Romania (cafea), and
The names for coffee in 9 Asian countries:
Cambodia (gafé), China (kafei and kia-fey), India (coffee),
Indonesia (kope), Japan (koohii), Laos (kafe), Malaysia (kawa
or koppi), Philippines (kapé), and Thailand (kafé).
In many coffeehouses you will find a variety of iced drinks
in addition to coffee. Granita (derived from gran bibita in
Italian meaning "granular ice soft drink") is one
commonly known such drink which was first introduced in Parisian
cafés in 1660. Ghiaccio served at Wild Goats is very
similar to a Granita beverage.
If you've never tried biscotti with your coffee in the morning,
you are missing a special treat. Biscotti, a crunchy twice-baked
traditional Italian cookie, is specifically designed for dipping
and a favorite in espresso bars throughout the country.
"Sleeper," "harmless," and "nofun"
are all terms for espresso drinks made with decaf espresso.
If you order a coffee "with room," you are saying
that you want a little less than a full cup so you have room
to add cream or milk.
A caffe americano is an espresso with the addition
of hot water. This drink has much of the balance and depth
of espresso, but with more to sip on.